In medieval Scotland, land holding was governed by a feudal system. The King held the land of Scotland from God and that land was apportioned out in a pyramidical structure, with the cottars at the base, occupying small portions of land and employed as hired labour. The farms were usually worked by several families in […]
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The first railway in Scotland was the Monkton & Kirkintilloch Railway, opened in 1826. By 1850, the country’s major cities were linked, and by 1900 almost every town had a railway station. The network was also of vital importance to industry for freight transport. The Transport Act of 1947 nationalised UK railways and by the […]