Museums for Family Historians – Military (Regiments)

The oldest Scottish infantry regiment of the British army is the Lowland regiment, the Royal Scots, raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I, followed by the Royal Scots Fusiliers and the King’s Own Scottish Borderers.  The Act of Union 1707 incorporated all the then existing Scottish regiments into the British army.  It was not until 1881 that the Lowland regiments adopted a form of dress that marked them out from their English, Welsh and Highland counterparts.

The original Highland regiments were raised in the 18th century, the first being the Black Watch drawn from clans known to support the government.  Other Highland regiments were raised and disbanded on an ad hoc basis until Victorian times when they played an important role in the Crimean War and the suppression of the Indian Mutiny.

In 2006,  the Royal Scots, the King’s Own Scottish Borderers, the Royal Highland Fusiliers, the Highlanders and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders were amalgamated to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland, a single regiment comprising five regular and two territorial battalions.

602 Squadron Museum

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Regimental Museum

  • Address: The Castle, Stirling FK8 1EH
  • Tel: 01786 448041
  • E-mail: (Contact form online)
  • Website:

Coldstream Museum

Museum of the Royal Regiment of Scotland

Royal Highland Fusiliers Museum

The Black Watch Regimental Museum

The Cameronian (Scottish Rifles) Museum

The Gordon Highlanders Museum

The Highlanders’ Museum (Queen’s Own Scottish Highlanders)

  • Address: Fort George, Ardesier, Inverness-shire IV2 7TD
  • Tel: 0131 310 8701
  • E-mail: (Research Request form online)
  • Website:

[Edinburgh Castle: Photo by Gunnar Ridderström on Unsplash]

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